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NANJING

Nanjing, die Hauptstadt der Provinz Jiangsu, liegt im Osten von China am Unterlauf des Jangtse-Flusses. Die Stadt ist ein bedeutendes urbanes Zentrum in Ostchina und eine der Megastädte des Jangtse-Deltas. Sie erstreckt sich über eine Fläche von 6600 Quadratkilometern und hat 8,3 Millionen Einwohner.

Nanjing ist eine historisch bedeutende Stadt mit einer langen Geschichte und einer tiefgreifenden eigenen Kultur. Der Ort blickt auf über 6000 Jahre Zivilisation zurück, davon fast 2500 Jahre als Stadt und fast 500 Jahre als Hauptstadt. Nanjing besitzt darüber hinaus die längste erhaltene Stadtmauer aus der Ming-Dynastie und die heiligste Reliquie der buddhistischen Welt – die Überreste des Schädels von Gautama Buddha. Die Stadt beherbergt auch das Grab des Kaisers Zhu Yuanzhang, eine UNESCO-Weltkulturerbestätte. Nanjings Yunjin-Brokat und Jinling-Holzschnitt wurden zudem für das UNESCO-Verzeichnis des immateriellen Kulturerbes ausgewählt.

Nanjing ist eine grüne Stadt mit einzigartigen Bergen und Wasserflächen. Der riesige Jangtse und der schöne Qinhuai-Fluss durchfließen die Stadt, während der Xuanwu-See und die landschaftlich schönen Zijin-Berge ebenfalls als Naherholungsgebiete dienen. Nanjing ist eine nationale Waldstadt und nationale Ökologiestadt mit einer Begrünungsrate von 45 % und über 12 Quadratmetern Grünfläche pro Einwohner. Platanenbäume sind Nanjings grüne Visitenkarte. Jedes Jahr im Spätherbst bilden die Reihen von Platanen um das Mausoleum von Sun Yat-sen und den saphirgleichen Meiling-Palast die „schönste Halskette der Welt“.

Gleichzeitig ist Nanjing ein Drehkreuz mit umfangreichen Verkehrsverbindungen in alle Richtungen. Die Stadt bietet umfassende Transportmöglichkeiten von Luft, Bahn, Wasser und Straße bis hin zu Pipelines. Der Südbahnhof von Nanjing ist ein wichtiger chinesischer Knotenpunkt für Schnellzüge und der größte Bahnhof in Asien. Der internationale Flughafen von Lukou bietet 140 Strecken nach ganz China und Asien und Verbindungen mit Europa und Amerika. Dies macht ihn zu einem der großen Flughäfen der Welt. Der Hafen von Nanjing ist der größte Fluss-Meer-Transithafen am Jangtse. Die Fahrrinne flussabwärts hat eine Tiefe von 12,5 Metern, sodass Schiffe mit einem Gewicht von 50 000 bis 100 000 Tonnen direkt in Nanjing anlegen können.

Nanjing ist eine Stadt der Innovation mit reichen Wissenschafts- und Bildungsressourcen. Der wissenschaftliche und akademische Talentpool der Stadt verleiht ihr eine führende Position in China. Nanjing besitzt 53 Universitäten und Colleges und die drittmeisten „doppelt erstklassigen Universitäten“ in China. Über 80 Akademiker der Stadt sind Teil der Chinesischen Akademie der Wissenschaften bzw. der Chinesischen Akademie der Ingenieurwissenschaften. Darüber hinaus hat Nanjing 120 Forschungsplattformen auf Landesebene, 840 000 Studenten und 59 Patente pro 10 000 Einwohner. In der Liste der weltweiten Forschungsstädte der britischen Fachzeitschrift Nature belegte Nanjing 2018 den 12. Platz.

Nanjing ist auch eine moderne Stadt mit einem starken industriellen Fundament. Nanjing hat ein BIP von über einer Billion RMB und die sechs Industriezweige neue Displays, Internet der Dinge, Informations- und Kommunikationsgeräte, intelligentes Stromnetz, neue Materialien sowie Energieeinsparung und Umweltschutz werden jeweils auf über 100 Milliarden RMB geschätzt. Nanjing verfügt über das in Jiangsu einzigartige neue Jiangbei-Viertel sowie über drei Entwicklungszonen auf Landesebene, vier „Innovations- und Unternehmerbasen“ auf Landesebene, zahlreiche Orte für Innovation und Unternehmertum und 15 großangelegte Hi-Tech-Forschungsparks. 2018 wurden 24 000 neue Wissenschafts- und Technologieunternehmen gegründet und 340 000 Hochschulabsolventen fanden in Nanjing eine Anstellung.

Nanjing ist eine offene Stadt mit einem hervorragenden Umfeld für Unternehmen. Als „One Belt, One Road“-Knotenpunkt, als Tor zum Wirtschaftsgürtel am Jangtse und als Vorreiter von Chinas Öffnung für die Außenwelt bietet Nanjing überaus günstige, offene und angenehme Bedingungen. Derzeit unterhält Nanjing Wirtschafts- und Handelsbeziehungen mit über 230 Ländern und Regionen und hat Investitionen von über 100 „Fortune 500“-Unternehmen angezogen.

Darüber hinaus ist Nanjing auch eine sehr lebenswerte Stadt mit allen erdenklichen Dienstleistungen. Neben einem umfassenden Angebot von kulturellen, medizinischen, gewerblichen und sonstigen Einrichtungen hat Nanjing 10 Stadtbahnlinien mit einem 378 km langen Streckennetz eröffnet. Das Leben ist angenehm und sicher. Nanjing war nach den Spielen von Beijing im Jahr 2008 die zweite Olympiastadt Chinas. Hier wurden bedeutende Veranstaltungen wie die Olympischen Jugendspiele, die Eiskunstlauf-Weltmeisterschaften und die Badminton-Weltmeisterschaften ausgetragen. Nanjing ist auch als „Hauptstadt der Brüderlichkeit“ bekannt. Egal woher man kommt, spürt man in Nanjing die Brüderlichkeit, Großzügigkeit und Aufnahmebereitschaft der Einwohner.

Derzeit arbeitet Nanjing intensiv an der Umsetzung einer innovationsbasierten Entwicklungsstrategie, die eine innovative Stadt mit globalem Einfluss etablieren soll. Die Stadt baut umfangreiche Wissenschaftszentren und Zentren für technologische und industrielle Innovation. Sie arbeitet auch an einem erstklassigen Ökosystem für Innovationen. Wir laden alle innovativen Unternehmen, Institutionen und Talente ein, mehr über Nanjing zu erfahren, die Entwicklung der Stadt zu verfolgen, Verbindungen mit ihr zu knüpfen und an den Vorteilen der Innovation und dem Aufbau einer besseren Zukunft teilzuhaben.

NANJING

Nanjing, die Hauptstadt der Provinz Jiangsu, liegt im Osten von China am Unterlauf des Jangtse-Flusses. Die Stadt ist ein bedeutendes urbanes Zentrum in Ostchina und eine der Megastädte des Jangtse-Deltas. Sie erstreckt sich über eine Fläche von 6600 Quadratkilometern und hat 8,3 Millionen Einwohner.

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INNOVATIONSPOLITIK 2020

INNOVATIONSPOLITIK 2019

CPC Nanjing Municipal Committee and Nanjing Municipal Government


Notice on Printing and Distributing Several Policy Measures on Further Deepening the Development of Famous Innovative City to Accelerate the Improvement of Industrial Basic Capability and Industry Chain Level

NingWeiFa [2020] No. 1

    The district committees and people's governments, the municipal committee’s departments and commissions, the municipal government’s commissions, offices and bureaus, and the directly affiliated units:
The Several Policy Measures on Further Deepening the Development of Famous Innovative City to Accelerate the Improvement of Industrial Basic Capability and Industry Chain Level is printed and distributed to you. Please implement it carefully.


CPC Nanjing Municipal Committee
Nanjing Municipal Government
 

Several Policy Measures on Further Deepening the Development of Famous Innovative City to Accelerate the Improvement of Industrial Basic Capability and Industry Chain Level


    In order to implement Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era and implement the decision-making and deployment of Central Committee, Jiangsu Provincial Committee, and Nanjing Municipal Committee, great efforts will be made to achieve advanced industrial foundation and modernized industrial chain. The “121” strategy of innovation-driven development will be further implemented and reform will be used as the driving force to accelerate the development of a regional innovation system with international competitiveness. On the basis of continuing to implement Several Policy Measures on Building Famous Innovative City with Global Influence (NingWeiFa [2018] No.1) and Several Policy Measures on Deepening the Development of Famous Innovative City to Enhance Innovation Primacy Ratio (NingWeiFa [2019] No.1), the following policy measures are formulated.

I. Improve the mechanism for ‘Sci. & Tech Innovation Enterprise Forest’ growth

1. Promote the development of high-growth technology enterprises. Support high-tech enterprises to grow and upgrade to those above Designated Size. For newly-added enterprises above Designated Size, 50% of the newly-added contribution to local economic development of the present year will be awarded to support their R&D activities for a period of three years. Implement a development plan for specialty and distinctive enterprises and those earning national champion titles, and include this as the assessment for the municipal districts and departments. Establish a unicorn and gazelle enterprise cultivation library, and adopt “one enterprise, one strategy” approach to support enterprise development, listing, and mergers and acquisitions. Guide and support financing guarantee companies to give priority to providing guarantees for high-growth technology companies.

2. Promote the continuous emergence of technology-based small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Optimize the evaluation standards of new R&D facilities, strengthen the third-party demonstration evaluation, highlight the cultivation by categories, and the assessment by classification, and further gather high-end innovation elements. Enterprises incubated by mass entrepreneurship and innovation carriers such as new R&D facilities, maker spaces, and technology business incubators, if they grow into gazelle or unicorn enterprise within five years after one year of incubation, a maximum of 500,000 yuan per enterprise will be awarded to related mass entrepreneurship and innovation carrier for capacity enhancement. Promote the establishment of professional incubator alliances in several industry areas. Strengthen the entrepreneurial angel investment fund's continuous support for college students' entrepreneurship. The taxable income rate of technology-based SMEs that carry out the approved collection of corporate income tax shall be implemented according to the minimum standards set by the State Administration of Taxation. For technology-based SMEs that have special difficulties and cannot pay taxes on time and meet the conditions stipulated by the tax law, they can defer payment of taxes after approval by the tax authorities.

3. Boost the integrated development between large enterprises and SMEs. Encourage the merger and reorganization of industrial resources, and increase the support of government investment funds for enterprises with merger and acquisition needs. Encourage the industry’s leading enterprise to pursue platform-based development and support the establishment of new R&D facilities and professional incubators for emerging industries. Develop supply chain finance, encourage large backbone enterprises to set up financial companies, and provide low-cost financing services for upstream and downstream enterprises. Encourage core enterprises in the supply chain to strengthen cooperation with financial institutions such as banks, and use new technologies such as blockchain to increase credit for upstream and downstream enterprises or provide effective information to banks to achieve coordinated development of the entire industry chain. Expand the scope of services for purchase of innovation coupons, and support leading enterprises in opening scientific research facilities and instruments to SMEs.

II. Improve the mechanism for industrial basic capability enhancement.

4. Strength key core technology research. By focusing on the shortcomings of core basic parts and components, key basic materials, advanced basic processes and basic software in the city’s leading industries, support industrial technology innovation strategic alliances to organize upstream and downstream enterprises and colleges and universities to conduct joint research in the form of projects. Establish technological research task lists for the city’s leading industries. Formulate and publish research tasks and projects, and encourage enterprises and institutions to undertake the listed research projects. A ratio of 10-30% of the total project investment with up to 20 million yuan will be given. Strengthen goal-oriented basic scientific research, and explore the implementation of the chief scientist responsibility system, the project non-routine review and evaluation system, and the use of “contract work” in technical fields such as cutting-edge, disruptive, interdisciplinary technologies, to further enhance the source supply capability of key core technologies.

5. Strengthen the development of major industrial innovation platforms. Focus on the direction of the city’s “4+4+1” leading industries, build landmark industry innovation centers with high quality, and actively strive to create national industrial innovation center, national manufacturing innovation center, and national technology innovation center. For major national science and technology infrastructure and other major platforms landing in Nanjing, the approach of “one case, one discussion” is adopted, and the government will lead to implement a support of 5 billion yuan. Support Purple Mountain Network Communications and Security Laboratory to develop into national lab. Explore and optimize major project formation mechanism and periodic evaluation mechanism. Support the substantive operation of Yangtze River Innovation Center for Ecological Civilization (YICEC) to support the green development of the industry, and strive to create a national technology innovation center. Support the development of Nanjing Branch of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) in CHILIN Park and Qixia Intelligent Valley, and further gather high-end innovation resources.

6. Strengthen the guidance of industrial technology standards. Develop and implement standardized strategic plans. Encourage leading enterprises to take the lead in setting up industry chain standard alliances. Support the development of industrial technical standards covering design, manufacturing, testing, and products, and provide enterprises that prepare (revise) and issue approved international and national standards as main drafting units with one-off rewards of up to 1 million yuan and 500,000 yuan, respectively. The award amount for one enterprise is up to 2 million yuan within the present year. Support the development of National Industrialization and Standardization Demonstration Zone, National Technical Standards Innovation Base, and National Industrial Measurement and Testing Center, and give annual awards of up to 2 million yuan and a cumulative maximum of 5 million yuan according to performance. Improve the quality award evaluation system and optimize Nanjing Mayor's Quality Award. Explore to regard the quality and standard-related expenses as corporate R&D expenses within China (Jiangsu) Free Trade Zone Nanjing Area and enjoy preferential policies for deductions before taxes. Implement special actions for international brand cultivation.

III. Improve the mechanism for collaborative innovation in the industrial chain

7. Focus on the weak links in the industry. Guide the refocusing of the city’s leading industries in each district, and provide land, capital and other “one district, one policy” support. Formulate and improve the industry's “investment introduction and talent attraction” catalogue, and incorporate the performance of the investment promotion of industrial chain into special investment promotion evaluation. Introduce and cultivate innovative and platform-based enterprises in the city’s leading industries, and issue policies to support the development of those enterprises. Support enterprises to increase investment in technology and equipment in the weak links of the industrial chain, and reward 5% of the total investment for enterprises below Designated Size, and another 5% after the enterprise grows to Designated Size within 1 year. For 100 high-end projects in line with the direction of the city’s leading industries, 15% of the total investment with up to 10 million yuan will be awarded. Support leading enterprises to develop “Park-in-Park” in their existing parks, and guide upstream and downstream enterprises in the industrial chain to gather in the parks.

8. Promote the coordinated development of the industry's strong chain. Focus on the direction of the city’s leading industries, build a number of “industrial commons” with the capabilities of scientific research, industrial incubation, manufacturing, testing services, talent and capital support. Encourage upstream and downstream enterprises to strengthen the docking of needs for product quality, technology and certification systems, and consolidate the foundation of industrial chain cooperation. Build an industrial cluster information sharing platform to strengthen cooperation between governments, enterprises, new R&D facilities, colleges and universities, and industry associations. Establish a working mechanism for regular docking of needs between enterprises by industry. Establish a two-way interaction mechanism for the industrial chains of advanced manufacturing and modern service industries, support manufacturing enterprises to build into national and provincial service-oriented manufacturing demonstration enterprises. Encourage service-oriented companies to expand to manufacturing links through commissioned manufacturing and brand authorization. Develop industrial protection alliances with intellectual property as the link, and build a group of high-value patent portfolios and well-known brands that support industry development. Encourage blockchain technology application, support leading enterprises to build alliance chains, and promote the industry to upgrade to the mid-to-high end of the value chain.

IV. Improve the incentive mechanism for innovative product applications

9. Accelerate the development of advanced technology application scenarios. Establish a collection, selection and release system for advanced technology application scenarios. Focus on intelligent connected cars, Beidou navigation, drones and other fields, and lay out a platform-type application scenario for a number of new technologies, new products, and new models. Implement new technology industrial application demonstration projects to support the deep integration of real economy with new technologies such as future networks and artificial intelligence. Layout a batch of new infrastructure by focusing on the building of “Smart Nanjing”, “Safe Nanjing”, “Healthy Nanjing”, and “Green Nanjing”. Take the lead in applying advanced technologies such as blockchain, big data, the Internet of Things (IoT), and form technology integration standards and models that are driven by major applications. For major construction projects in application scenarios, give up to 20 million yuan support.

10. Speed up innovative products application demonstration. Establish the Municipal Innovation Product Promotion Office. Establish an expert committee on innovative products to carry out innovative and fair evaluation of investment projects. Formulate and publish Nanjing Recommendation Catalog of Innovative Products for Application Demonstration to encourage the priority application of innovative products and services. Support application demonstration of the first (set) of innovative major technical equipment. Vigorously promote the application of pharmaceutical innovative products, improve policies and measures to support the preferential inclusion of relevant innovative products in medical insurance, and simplify the bidding process for innovative drugs, advanced medical consumables and high-end medical devices entering hospitals. In key projects invested by the government, if the same category as the innovative products in the Recommendation Catalog is used, more than 5% of the budget share should be reserved for application demonstration. Where innovative products use irreplaceable patents or proprietary technologies, a single source approach may be adopted. Innovative products are deemed to have corresponding sales performance within 2 years from the date of entering the Recommendation Catalog. Establish an administrative fault tolerance and exemption mechanism for the promotion and application of innovative products. Relevant persons in charge of the unit shall be exempted from their decision-making responsibility on the premise that they meet the prescribed conditions, standards and procedures, and are diligent and do not seek illegal benefits.

V. Improve the mechanism for effective support of innovation elements

11. Optimize the environment for talent development. Compile talent maps for leading industries, increase efforts to flexibly attract and use talents overseas, and encourage enterprises to build “talent enclaves” globally. Optimize and adjust the policy of rewarding high-level talents for scientific and technological contributions, and increase the rewards for foreign high-end talents that are in short supply in the industry. Explore the use of social evaluations such as salary, equity dividends, and employment experience as important criteria for identifying talents. For key enterprises that are in line with the direction of the city’s leading industries, talents are recommended based on economic contributions. Members of key talents teams can exceptionally enjoy relevant talent service policies. Accelerate the increase in the physical supply of talent housing, and optimize the allocation of talent housing in multiple levels and ways. Encourage enterprises to increase investment in employee education, and reward those that have achieved remarkable results in implementing the pre-tax deduction policy for employee education expenses. The city-level processing time for residence permits and work permits for foreign high-end talents can be shortened to 5 working days. Accurately provide cultural and sports consumption benefits and convenient services for innovative and entrepreneurial talents. Establish green channels for specialists to seek medical treatment at designated hospitals with conditions. Deeply promote the direct settlement of medical expenses for outpatient clinics across the Yangtze River Delta, and include flexible employment talents in the settlement scope.

12. Strengthen financial services support. Encourage the establishment of new incubators for incubating venture capital entities (including funds, venture capital institutions, and angel investors), and support them on a “one case, one discussion” basis. Vigorously develop digital finance, and promote the development of digital asset registration and settlement platforms and digital inclusive financial integration service platforms. Explore the establishment of cross-border equity investment funds, and promote institutional investors such as overseas angel capital and venture capital to invest in science and technology enterprises in Nanjing. Promote the development of fund gathering areas such as the Golden Fish Mouth Fund Block and the Yangtze River International Fund Block, and build a highland for technology financial services. Increase the direct investment of science and technology funds in seed-stage, start-up stage, and growth-stage technology-based enterprises. Establish a synergy mechanism between angel funds, science and technology funds, and industrial funds, strengthen the linkage of urban funds, and form a joint investment force. Encourage technology companies to issue financing needs through the integrated financial service platform, and guide financial institutions to increase precision support. Use innovative support methods such as “Nanjing Innovation and Entrepreneurship Loan”, sub-loan funds, and policy guarantees to provide financing services to technology companies.

13. Strengthen data open applications. Vigorously develop the digital economy and formulate and implement a three-year action plan for the development of digital economy. Speed up the process of data commercialization and industrial digitization, set up a municipal big data company, and promote the deep integration of data resources with industrial transformation, government governance, city management, and people's livelihood services. Develop a citywide government data aggregation platform, and establish a municipal-level information resource sharing and openness and performance evaluation system. Gradually establish a scientific universal data collection mechanism, develop a multi-channel, real-time data collection system by considering characteristics of various data sources such as public data, government data, and enterprise data, and strengthen data analysis and application. Explore the establishment of rules and regulations for big data trading entities, trading platforms, and trading models to form big data trading mechanisms and standardized procedures. Encourage enterprises to promote the digitization of assets, support backbone big data enterprises and basic telecommunications enterprises to take advantage of technological advantages and industrial integration capabilities, and open interface resources, data information, and computing capabilities to small and micro enterprises and entrepreneurial teams. Strengthen data security and privacy protection, and improve the data application security management system.

14. Optimize the space for industrial development. Deepen the reform of the management system of Nanjing High-tech Industrial Development Zone. Improve the industrial form and layout of the main urban area, and actively create new carriers for urban industries. Improve the “Silicon Alley” development standards and reward based on performance. Support the construction of high-standard factory buildings, allowing registration and transfer of basic units divided by building and storey. Promote the government and municipal state-owned enterprises to use their real estate to support the development of mass entrepreneurship and innovation carriers. The right to use can be commissioned by relevant professional institutions or government platform companies to operate across systems and levels. Reserve space for super headquarters bases in Jiangnan and Jiangbei locations, and plan a super headquarters economic zone with Nanjing characteristics. Adopt a differentiated land supply method, and attract global benchmarking companies and important branches to settle in. Support the development of ‘industrial enclaves’ across cities and districts, and explore new mechanisms for the integrated development featuring industrial co-cultivation, benefit sharing, and resource sharing. Fully support the development of Jiangsu Nanjing National Agricultural High-tech Industrial Demonstration Zone and Nanjing National Modern Agricultural Industry Scientific and Technological Innovation Demonstration Park, and give priority to guaranteeing the introduction of innovative resources and the supply of funds and land.

VI. Improve the mechanism for continuous optimization of innovation ecology

15. Optimize the development environment for entrepreneurs. Carry forward the spirit of entrepreneurship and set up Nanjing Entrepreneur Day. Hire outstanding entrepreneurs as “Nanjing Innovative City Consultant” and “Special Business Environment Supervisor”. Set the first working day of each month as the service day for entrepreneurs, and establish a normalized system for city leaders to contact key enterprises. Establish a “green channel” for title review of scientific and technological entrepreneurs, who can directly apply for senior professional and technical titles in accordance with regulations. Deepen the pilot reform of the approval system for construction projects, and further stabilize the development expectations of entrepreneurs.

16. Deepen open cooperation and innovation. Explore new cooperation paths of the “Rooting Plan”, strengthen overseas collaborative innovation centers, encourage the development of international industrial cooperation zones, and accelerate the transformation of scientific and technological achievements in Nanjing. Carry out the “Hundred Universities Matching Plan”, and within three years, select 100 scientific and technical specialists from Nanjing’s each district (park) to connect with China’s 100 key colleges and universities, and deepen the industry-university-research cooperation between universities and Nanjing. Enhance international brands influence such as Nanjing Innovation Week and World Smart Manufacturing Conference, and enrich the content and methods of overseas innovation week activities. Actively participate in the national “Belt and Road” scientific and technological innovation cooperation action plan. Accelerate the development of the Yangtze River Delta science and technology innovation circle, and promote innovation integration along the Shanghai-Nanjing industrial innovation belt, the Nanjing-Hangzhou eco-economic belt, and the Nanjing metropolitan area. Support China (Jiangsu) Free Trade Zone Nanjing Area to carry out reform and innovation in cross-border flows of innovation factors, cross-border R&D, and cross-border cooperation in innovation and venture capital. Accelerate the development of “R&D Special Zones” and explore joint innovations with comprehensive boned zones, high-tech zones, and economic development zones.

17. Strengthen intellectual property (IP) protection. Support the development of an international intellectual property financial innovation center in Jiangbei New Area. Strictly enforce the punitive compensation system for intellectual property rights infringement. Strengthen IP dispute resolution and assistance services, and grant subsidies based on 50% of litigation costs and up to 500,000 yuan if a successful IP dispute or successful settlement is reached. Support the layout of high-value patent cultivation centers. Strengthen cooperation with global high-end R&D institutions, explore the establishment of intellectual property investment sub-funds in science and technology funds. Support advanced technology pre-research, and share R&D results. Implement patent navigation project to strengthen the layout of key technologies for future industries. Establish Yangtze River Delta New Structure Economics Intellectual Property Institute with high standards.

18. Strengthen the promotion and implementation work conducted by related units. Establish the Innovation Committee of Nanjing Municipal Committee to coordinate and plan the overall tasks of the development of an innovative city, organize the formulation of strategic plans, study and formulate important policies, coordinate and advance major issues, and evaluate and supervise key tasks. Policies implementation is included in the city’s comprehensive assessment of high-quality development for departments and districts in the city, as well as the assessment of party and government leaders. Relevant municipal departments shall coordinate in formulating implementation rules in accordance with a series of innovative city policies, participate in the establishment and operation of “policy fulfillment acceptance windows” in relevant government service halls to optimize operating mechanisms and procedures, establish an online policy service platform, and explore to establish the conditional acceptance mechanism. Jiangbei New Area and various districts (parks) should formulate and implement specific measures in accordance with their actual conditions. All functional departments should establish a normalized decision-making consultation mechanism, rely on third-party think tank platforms, and carry out special research on innovation strategies, industry maps, industry analysis, and policy evaluation to improve the effectiveness of innovation governance.

Several Policies and Measures on Deepening the Building of Famous Innovative City and Improving Primate City Status

In order to thoroughly implement Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era and the spirit of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, execute the initiative made by the CPC Jiangsu Provincial Committee for leading the nation in achieving high-quality development and the "121" strategy made by the CPC Nanjing Municipal Committee for innovation-driven development, focus on innovation with market-oriented, higher-end, internationalized, integrated, clustering, and rule-of-law features, adhere to strategic guidance, strengthen the driving force for reform, remove institutional obstacles, structural contradictions and policy issues for innovation-based development, and to deepen the building of a famous innovative city, the following policies and measures are hereby promulgated on the basis of continuous implementation of Several Policies and Measures on Building Famous Innovative City with Global Impact (NWF [2018] No. 1).

I. Empowering Innovation Entities Based on Marketization

1. Building "Scientific Innovation Enterprise Forests". Nanjing will implement a three-year enterprise-multiplication plan tobuild more innovative leading enterprises. It will intensify the efforts on cultivating and introducing high-tech and new-tech enterprises by offering technology-based small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) that have entered the provincial collection of high-tech and new-tech enterprises a one-time reward in the amount of 10% of the previous year's research and development expenses of the enterprise as recognized by the municipal taxation authorities on the basis of weighted tax deduction for R&D expenses. For the technologically advanced service enterprises identified by the provincial authorities, a one-time reward of RMB 500,000 yuan will be given. The city will make full use of Shanghai Science and Technology Innovation Board to build a group of high-growth enterprises such as Gazelle Enterprises. Enterprises listed on the Science and Technology Innovation Boardwill be given a one-time grant of RMB 3 million yuan. The promotion and recommendation catalogue of innovative products willbe improved to optimize the types and quantities of innovative products included in the catalogue, and to provide certain amount of risk compensation and premium subsidies for purchasers of the innovative products in the catalogue, so as to increase the promotion and demonstration of such produces within the Nanjing Metropolitan Area. The city will encourage large and medium-sized enterprises and SMEs as well as micro enterprises with science and technology features to form a consortium to participate in government procurement of innovative products. The joint agreement stipulates that in the event that the contract payment for products from SMEs and micro enterprises account for more than 30% of the total contract payment of the consortium agreement, 2% - 3% of the price can be deducted for the consortium. When the enterprise is approved to be national or provincial R&D platform, one-time reward of RMB 2 million yuanor RMB 1 million yuan will be awarded respectively. For the start-up science and technology enterprises, "innovation vouchers" will be given on an all-covering basis for the purchase of inspection and testing, technical certification, qualification certification and other services.

2. Broadening the financing channels for enterprises. The first phase of the industry merger and acquisition fund of RMB 1 billion yuan will be set up to support enterprises in increasing their M&A efforts to be stronger and larger entities. The registered capital of Nanjing Zijin Financing Guarantee Co., Ltd. will be increased toRMB 1 billion yuan, so as to increase the financing guarantee ability for science and technology enterprises, and to guide banks to increase the scale of credit loans for science and technology SMEs. The role of the city's science and technology innovation fund will be maximized to establish subordinate levelAngel Fund in collaboration with corporate funds and social capital. It can provide credit support for fund management institutions to raise funds by making initial investment. For qualified natural persons giving Angel Fund support for small and micro enterprises, they are eligible for a reward amounting to 5% of their annual investment in Nanjing with a maximum of RMB 2 million yuan. A risk compensation mechanism will be in place. Insurance funds will be supported to participate in innovation and entrepreneurship, with 50% of insurance premium subsidy offered to start-up and growing science and technology enterprises that have purchased loan guarantee insurance. 1.5% subsidy will be given to insurance companies undertaking pilot programs according to the size of the newly added guarantee insurance for expanding loans in the same year. Credit rating agencies with higher market credibility will be introduced; municipal-level credit rating agencies will be established to provide credit support for corporate financing.

3. Enabling enterprises to gather and retain talents. Centering on various municipal-level talent plans for industrial development, the original talent reviewing system will be gradually shifted to a comprehensive evaluation system mainly based on corporate compensation, venture capital investment, operational performance, famous list of best practices, and expert recommendations. Rewards for economic contribution made by higher-level talents will be expanded to cover science and technology enterprises. Enterprises are supported to set up academician workstations, expert studios and other talent positions to focus more on key and core technology researches, and make more efforts to introduce higher-level innovation teams, with a maximum one-time grant of RMB 3 million yuan. Support will be increased for "middle-level" talents by optimizing the chain of training for young and middle-aged talents in enterprises, andby increasing the coverage and scale of support on an annual basis. The housing subsidy for talents with doctoral degrees will be increased to RMB 2,000 yuan per month. There will be more housing support for talents by implementing the "rental first, purchase later, or rental-purchase combination" practice to allow qualified talents who have rented the housing for five years to make purchases.

4. Building professional service system. Scientific and technical personnel from universities and other public institutions can set up new types of technology transfer service organizations with individual persons (teams) asmajor shareholders. A maximum of one-time grant of RMB 300,000 yuan can be given after filing for approval. It is encouraged to establish technical broker firms. For the scientific and technological achievements transferred or industrialized in Nanjing, a maximum of 5% of the actual turnover of the technical contract can be used as reward for the receiver of the transfer, and 1% for the transfer broker. Cultivating base for the backbone science and technology service providers will be built, and qualified institutions will be rewarded for their performances. Exploration will be made to find the new types of services suitable for different industries, such as tax collection and management, social security collection, market supervision and access control. Priority will be given to the building of a number of platform-based technology service enterprises. To promote the higher-end development of science and technology service industry, the eligible service items with higher degree of specialization and continuity of service consistency, with a purchase less than RMB 2 million yuan,can be purchased from a single source. A maximum of one-time grant of RMB 5 million yuan will be offered to the accredited science and technology service industry clusters and characteristic bases at or above provincial level. Support will be given to the establishment of the Nanjing Federation of Innovation Service Industry.

II. Building Industrial Landmarks Aiming at Higher-end Development

5. Implementing industrial landmark action plan on a higher vantage point. Focusing on the "4+4+1" leading direction of industrial development, the advantages of differentiation will be highlighted. The deep integration of advanced manufacturing and modern service industries will be accelerated, with focuson building industrial clusters of artificial intelligence, integrated circuits, new energy vehicles, etc., and striving to build independent and controllable industrial supporting system. For major industrial projects with newly introduced investment exceeding RMB 2.5 billionyuan, the"one case, one solution" approach will be adopted to give priority support in terms of land use, talents, funds and other key factors. The land area and construction area of administrative offices and living service facilities may be increased if considered as appropriate by the municipal government. For national and provincial manufacturing innovation centers and industrial design centers, the supporting fund can be given on the 1:1 ratio in accordance with the funds allocated. The municipal-level investment reward and compensation fund for improving enterprises’ technology equipment will be put in place to support enterprises in making major common –meta-technology applications, technological renovations, equipment upgrades, and purchasing digital and intelligent equipment. The development strategy for the Yangtze River Economic Belt will be implemented to support the transformation of the "two steel-producing enterprises and the two chemical-producing enterprises", and to continuously cultivate new industrial economic growth points.

6. Starting major and special science and technology projects at a higher level. By focusing on the industry's frontier fields, the city will endeavor to strengthen the research and development of key and core technologies in the industry, produce a number of original and iconic scientific and technological innovations, and to seize the commanding heights in industrial and technological competition. The city will support industry leaders and key enterprises to propose demands for major frontier technology and organize joint research programs by giving them funding amounting to 20% of their total investment with a maximum of RMB 10 million yuan. By striving to be included in the provincial plans, the city is exploring how to establish direct investment mechanism for municipal science and technology innovation funds. For enterprises undertaking or participating in major original research projects at the province level, they will receive 1:1 supporting funds in accordance withthe provincial finance.

7. Building major R&D platforms with higher standards. By focusing on industrial landmarks, the city will explore how to build Industrial Collaboration and Innovation Academy, strengthen interdisciplinary cooperation and personnel training, and provide a maximum of RMB 5 million yuan in support based on its performance. The city will focus on the national development strategy and major demands, strengthen the top-players’coupling, and offer a maximum of RMB 30 million yuan during the cultivating period to candidate projects topping the list of national key science and technology infrastructure projects for the 13th and 14th Five-year Plan period. The city will accelerate the construction of future network testing facilities, launch and implement a number of application demonstration projects, and promote the application of future networks in the field of industrial Internet. It will promote the building of Purple Mountain Laboratory for Network Communication and Security, explore the operational mode for leading enterprises to make preemptive participation in research and development, and establish a management system for "special zone for scientific research"based on market operation. The city will be among the first to set up specialized industrial technology research institutes in the field of environmental protection, so as to support the building of the Yangtze River Ecological Civilization Innovation Center, and strive to build a national-level innovation center integrating scientific research, engineering and industrialization. The state-level clinical medical research centers in the cultivation process will receive a maximum of RMB 10 million yuan in three years.

8. Developing new research and development institutions with higher quality. The city will support new R&D institutions to employ professional managers, who are eligible for performance rewarding with returns generated from state-owned platform shareholding. The Municipal Science and Technology Innovation Fund supports new R&D institutions to establish sub-funds to accelerate the incubation of technology enterprises and the transformation of research achievements. The city supports leading enterprises to take leading position in the building of new R&D institutions; the participating parties negotiate to determine the shareholding ratio. The city supports the development of clustering of new R&D institutions, closely follow the key directions of industrial landmarks, set up industrial technology research institutes in specialized fields, organize common-core technical research and industrial strategy consultation services, and build public technology service platforms, engineering research platforms and proof-of-concept centers. According to the annual performance evaluation, a maximum of RMB 5 million yuan will be offered as support. The city will facilitate the combination between new R&D institutions and professional technology trading platforms. It supports the new R&D institutions to establish close cooperative relations with the top-notch disciplines of supporting organizations, so as to enhance the application of basic research and development capabilities and the supply of original technology, allowing them to become important platforms for talent training and technological transfer. The city will guide high-tech industrial parks to focus on new R&D institutions, vigorously attract industry-chain-related enterprises, gather alumni and other resources, and accelerate the formation of special industrial innovation clusters. The city will optimize the performance evaluation mechanism of new R&D institutions, focus on evaluating the number of incubation of technology-based enterprises and high-tech enterprises, the effectiveness of R&D services, and the volume of technology transfer. The relevant support policies are linked to these evaluation results.

III. Promoting Open-up and Innovation Based on Internationalization

9. Implementinginternational innovation cooperation programs. The city will set up intergovernmental research and development cooperation funds, establish catalogue of international innovation cooperation programs, strive to establish cooperative innovation parks with partners countries or regions, support high-tech parks to build overseas collaborative innovation centers, and strengthen innovative cooperation with important overseas innovation organizations, major countries and portal cities. The city will participate in activities of international organizations such as the World Federation of Science and Technology Cities, and strive to join more international innovation organizations to facilitate cooperation among different cities. Enterprises and new R&D institutions will be supported to join international organizations dedicated to international scientific research, international industrial technology research and development, and international standards development. A maximum of one-time grant of RMB 500,000 yuanwill be provided for higher-level academic conference organized by international organizations in Nanjing; if the eventis regularly or permanently held in Nanjing, within the first three years of operation, the city will cover 30% of the expenditure without exceeding the maximum of RMB 500,000 yuanfor each year; for enterprises or social organizations that undertake the work of the secretariat of the innovation-orientedinternational organization committee, the secretariat of the sub-level technical committee or the working group,they will receive a maximum one-time grant of RMB 1 million yuan, RMB 800,000 yuanor RMB 500,000 yuan respectively. The city will increase the support for offshore technology business incubators, and provide one-time reward ofRMB 1 million yuanmaximumbased on performances in running business and recruiting talents in Nanjing. The city willactively seek for support fromChina’s overseas institutions and overseas Chinese community to help enterprises gather overseas innovative resources. The city will respond to and implement the national "Belt and Road" Initiative to makeaction plans for scientific and technological innovation cooperation, set up supporting project funds, and build international innovation cooperation centers. An international innovation advisory system shall be put in place. The city will organize Nanjing Innovation Week events to build an international outreach platform for acquiring comprehensive innovation resources.

10. Strengthening the support with international conditions. The city will guide enterprises and other market entities to actively adapt to international rules and standards, and improve local laws and governmental rules and regulations in line with international practices. The hospitals that implement direct settlement operations using international commercial insurance policies will be given subsidies amounting to 50% of the overseas certification fees. Qualified hospitals can be included into medical service units for international talents. In the city's third-grade class-A hospitals and other qualified institutions,the city will gradually establish bilingual call centers medical treatment centers and other service centers. In areas where conditions permit, the city will raise funds for international talents’ housing through market-based deposit. The city will carry out "one-card" pilot program for foreign talent services, and establish special channels for housing, school enrollment and health care services. For those who meet the criteria for the identification of higher-level foreign talents in Jiangsu Province and their families, they can apply for permanent residence ID, and the reviewing process by municipal authorities shall not exceed 20 working days. The city will coordinate and optimize the direct investment foreign exchange registration procedures with banking and financial institutions, and promote the facilitation for overseas direct investment by enterprises that truly comply with relevant laws and regulations. The city will establish a comprehensive service platform for overseas students, support and encourage foreign students in Nanjing to innovate and start businesses. The city will promote the experience of reform program of the Pilot Free Trade Zone, and comprehensively apply innovation results such as supervision system, customs clearance, talent mechanism, investment and trade policies to create business environmentfeaturing internationalization, rule of law, and convenience.

IV. Promoting Innovation and Collaboration Based on Integration

11. Promoting regional innovation integration. Nanjing willimplement the Yangtze River Delta integration strategy, actively participate in the building of innovation network for Yangtze River Delta urban agglomeration, vigorously promote the inter-city innovative resources sharing; actively promote the building of G42 innovation corridor, create a gathering vantage point for new industries and new business models; accelerate the promotion of innovative service integration, achieve comprehensive collection of credit information, and break regional management restrictions. The city will accelerate the integration of the Nanjing Metropolitan Area, and promote the inter-city coordinated purchase and subsidy for independently developed innovative products. Nanjing will support Jiangbei New Area to focus on the strategic orientation of "Three Districts and One Platform" and the development orientation of "Two cities and One Center", actively implement and seek for various national and provincial pilot policies, try new approaches in the areas of intellectual property protection and new R&D institutions, and strive to build major science and technology platforms at or above provincial level. It willaccelerate the building of the core area of the National Independent Innovation Demonstration Zone in Southern Jiangsu, explore how to deepen the reform of the science and technology system, how to build new scientific research institutions, how to achieve open and shared scientific and technological resources, and how to coordinate regional innovation efforts, build a national "innovation test field", and create globalized collaborative innovation"highland" with international competitiveness.

12. Promotingin-depth integration between universities and local government. Nanjing will encourage the cooperation between different universities, between universities and research institutions, and between universities and enterprises in areas of top-notch disciplines, talent training, and sharing of scientific research equipment, so as to achieve integration of resources, superposition of advantages, and coordinated innovation in Nanjing. The city will encourage universities and enterprises to jointly set up talent customization laboratories, establish a new educational mechanism for undergraduates and graduate students in the "3+1" or "2+1" modes, where the enterprises participate in offering curriculum for the last academic year to train talents urgently demanded by the industry. Nanjing will vigorously develop the "Alumni Economy", establish Nanjing Alliance of Alumni Associations, and support the exchange and cooperation platform for famous universities at home and abroad in the building of "Alumni Home" in Nanjing. The city will promote the joint effort in building talent recruitment network by high-tech parks in Nanjing in conjunction with alumni organizations of domestic universities and overseas student organizations in world-famous universities around the world. Based on the performance of talent recruitment, a maximum of RMB 500,000 yuan will be given as incentive reward. Nanjing will support universities to establish alumni development funds, and carry out "Alumni Investment" programs and other services.

13. Promotingintegration between military and civilian organizations. Nanjing will accelerate the military-civilian integration and coordinated innovation, and give priority support in project landing and filing approval to new R&D institutions that are in line with the development direction of military-civilian integration. The city will promote the development of clustering for military and civilian dual-use industries. For the relevant districts (parks) that have obtained status of military-civilian integration innovation demonstration zones and military-civilian integration industry demonstration bases at or above provincial level, a maximum one-time support of RMB 2 million yuan will be given. Nanjing will encourage enterprises to obtain relevant qualifications for research and production of military products, and reward RMB 300,000 yuan on a one-time basis for each newly qualified enterprise. The city will encourage private enterprises to participate in military R&D and production and major technical support for the military. For enterprises that provide key and core technologies, independent and controllable products, and major technical services for the military, they will receive a reward amounting to 10% of the equipment development project contract (maximum RMB 3 million yuan) or 2% of contract payment for major technical service procurement projects (maximum RMB 1 million yuan). For major demonstration projects of military-civilian integration supported at state or provincial level, a maximum of RMB 2 million yuanor RMB 1 million yuan will be provided as supporting funds.

V. Optimizing Innovation Planning Based on Clustering

14. Reforming the operational mechanism of the high-tech parks. Nanjing will establish new management system for "One Zone and Multiple Parks" in Nanjing High-tech Zone, and implement unified policies, management standards and statistical systems. It will give the high-tech park the same economic management authority as authorized to local administrations. The city will study and formulate relevant policies and measures to promote the building of partner parks. A unified system will be established for the park to conduct investment reviewing meetings and share benefits. The city will intensify the assessment of R&D investment, higher-level business cultivation, higher-level investment and output, invention patents, etc., and put in place an assessment system that is conducive to the industrial agglomeration and characteristic development of the park. The city will promote the reform of the personnel employment system for high-tech parks, try the new practice of separating cadre level from employment position, separating filed salary from actual compensations, and separating cadre personnel file management from contract employment management, and realize the alignment between salary and performance targets. Nanjing willsupport the building of national-level agricultural high-tech industry demonstration zones andnational-level "Agricultural Innovation Parks", where policies can be made for individual cases. The city willincrease support for strategic science and technology projects in the rural revitalization programs.

15. Improving the quality of the building of innovation and entrepreneurship carriers. Nanjing willpromote the transformation of state-owned technology business incubators and accelerators, introduce social capital and market operations, and strengthen the investment function of incubators and accelerators. It will encourage enterprises and venture capital institutions to establish and operate specialized incubators, accelerators, and crowd-innovation space, and accelerate the introduction and construction of international technology business incubators. The city will explore how to jointly establish business incubator funds by combining municipal industrial funds, technical innovation funds and incubator funds, and how to improve the operation mode of "incubation + venture capital". For companies identified as "Gazelles" during the incubation period, the incubator carrier is rewarded RMB 200,000 yuanfor each successful case. Nanjing will establish a follow-up rewarding system for cultivating "Gazelle"enterprises. For enterprises recognized as "Gazelles" within 3 years after graduation and at least 1 year in incubator, the incubator carrier will be rewarded with RMB 200,000 yuan for each successful case; for listed enterprises recognized as "Gazelles" within 5 years after graduation and at least 1 year in incubator, the incubator carrier will be rewarded with RMB 300,000 yuan for each successful case. For national or provincial innovation and entrepreneurship demonstration bases, a reward of RMB 2 million yuanmaximum will be given based on performances.

16. Building urban"Silicon Alleys". Nanjing will vigorously develop the "Silicon Alley Economy", tap potential from lower-efficiency carriers and lower-efficiency areas to innovate the urban industrial economic development model. It will encourage qualified districts to use the available land around the universities in city proper to build special innovation neighborhood together with universities featuring scientific and technological innovation and cultural creativity, promote the transformation and upgrading of the lower-efficiency carriers in the neighborhood, and plan for lifestyle servicesalong the alleys in line with the needs of innovation and entrepreneurship. Nanjing will support universities to use the available buildings on their old campus and locations as well as university science parks to conduct innovative and entrepreneurial business activities; the annual rental of land use can be reduced or exempted. Nanjing will unify the benchmark land price policy for scientific research land use in municipal high-tech parks. When the incubators built for high-tech parks (platforms) plan to introduce incubation projects without changing the purposes of the incubator, the location can be leased or transferred upon approval as a whole building, a whole floor or as an individual room. Nanjing will further explore new industrial land use policies, support multi-dimensional development and comprehensive utilization, promote the integration of manufacturers and the city, revitalize lower-efficiency industrial land, develop emerging industries, and build innovative carriers.

VI. CreatingInnovative Ecology Based on the Rule of Law

17. Creating a social atmosphere that inspires innovation. Nanjing will give full play to the guiding role of government funds, reform and establish a science and technology planning system that is compatible with the building of famous innovative city. It will develop comprehensive services for intellectual property protection, and introduce international intellectual property service agencies. IPR assistance funds will be set up to strengthen the centralized jurisdiction of intellectual property across regions. The city will accelerate the implementation of pilot programs for national intellectual property operation service system, and provide 1:1 supporting funds in accordance with the national allocation. It will comprehensively improve the efficiency of registration of chattel mortgage, equity and trademark rights pledge, and facilitate the quick financing for enterprises. Nanjing will coordinate and integrate different types of innovation and entrepreneurship competitions in the city, build the brand of "Winning in Nanjing" entrepreneurial competition, and set up a competition fund with social capital to support the winning projects. It will implement the culture, science and technology integration and upgrading plan to create a new model of "culture + technology" development in Nanjing. It will also develop the model of "Internet + innovation culture", reform publicity channels, so that the city's public advertising for building famous innovative city will be at or above 30% of the total volume of public advertising. Nanjing will plan and build the Nanjing Science and Technology Innovation Museum, which will be a new landmark of Nanjing's innovative culture.

18. Strengthening the institutional guarantee featuring tolerance for failures. The city will strengthenfinancial support for the failure tolerance, improve assessment mechanism, and mainly evaluate the scale of social capital investment and the number of investment projects in Nanjing in terms of sub-level Angel Fund and Angel Fund projects with state-owned venture capital investment. The city will provide financial services featuring failure tolerance, encourage financial institutions to appropriately raise the tolerance level for non-performing loan ratios for technology-based SMEs, and to implement differentiated credit management. The city will establish failure-tolerating performance evaluation system to highlight the orientation of incentives for entrepreneurship. In the event of certaindeviations or mistakes in the process of reform and innovation, if there is no evidence of violation of CPC rules and disciplines or violation of laws and regulations, and if the responsible person or entity shows due diligence and timely correction with no personal interests involved, no negative evaluation shall be given, and the person or entity can be exempt from accountability, or handled with lighter penalty. The city will improve the credit support system, embed credit management tools in all aspects of administrative management and public services, increase the effort of joint credit rewards and punishments, promote the application of big data technology in credit analysis, and encourage integrity and diligent performance by means of credit constraints.

UNIVERSITÄTEN

NANJING HAT 53 HOCHSCHULEN UND 840.000 STUDENTEN UND BELEGT BEI DER ZAHL DER STUDENTEN IM ERST- UND AUFBAUSTUDIUM PRO 10.000 EINWOHNERN JEWEILS DEN ZWEITEN PLATZ IN CHINA.

BEKANNTE UNTERNEHMEN

NANJING BEHERBERGT EINE REIHE VON BÖRSENNOTIERTEN UNTERNEHMEN UND EINHÖRNERN, DARUNTER SUNING, GUODIAN NANJING AUTOMATION, SIMCERE UND HUITONGDA.

INSTITUTE

NANJING BESITZT EINE VIELZAHL VON FORSCHUNGSINSTITUTEN, SO ETWA DAS 14., 28. UND 55. FORSCHUNGSINSTITUT DER CHINA ELECTRONICS TECHNOLOGY GROUP CORPORATION, 6 FORSCHUNGSINSTITUTE DER CHINESISCHEN AKADEMIE DER WISSENSCHAFTEN UND ÜBER 200 NEUARTIGE FORSCHUNGS- UND ENTWICKLUNGSEINRICHTUNGEN.

HI-TECH-ENTWICKLUNGSZONEN

NANJING VERFÜGT ÜBER DEN NATIONALEN NEUEN STADTBEZIRK JIANGBEI, DAS EINZIGE VIERTEL SEINER ART IN JIANGSU, SOWIE ÜBER 3 NATIONALE ENTWICKLUNGSZONEN, 4 NATIONALE BASEN FÜR INNOVATION UND START-UPS UND 15 UMFANGREICHE HI-TECH-ZONEN.